Hand Pain Causes: An Overview

What are the causes of hand pain?

There are many possible causes of hand pain. Most typically the causes are related to disease and injury. In general, most of the common causes of hand pain can be effectively treated and the symptoms alleviated.

 Some of the more common causes of hand pain include: 

Hand Pain Causes

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

In the case of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, this common condition can create numbness, pain and frequently a tingling sensation throughout the hands and fingers. It is caused by compression of the nerve that modulates movement and sensation in the hands.


Arthritis is another typical disorder that can create inflammation and pain in the hand. Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent form of arthritis that generally affects the base of the thumb, the middle joints of the fingers, and joints nearest to the fingertips. Rheumatoid arthritis, another common type of arthritis, generally affects the hands and wrists. This is an autoimmune disease which means that your immune system is incorrectly attacking your joints and tissues, creating painful swelling.

de Quervain’s Disease

In the case of this disorder, the tendons are what is affected. The sheath surrounding the tendon in your wrist on the thumb side becomes inflamed, making any thumb movement very painful. In more mild cases, this disorder will typically clear out if you give it a few weeks. During this time, you should be resting and avoiding the activities that triggered the pain in the first place. More severe cases will need surgical intervention.

Trigger Finger or Thumb

This is another condition that involves hand tendons. When a particular finger or thumb bends toward the palm, the tendon can become stuck and the finger consequently locks in place. It’s best to consult a physician if you experience trigger finger.


In the case of this hand pain disorder, the tendon sheath becomes inflamed causing hand pain, which can also affect the fingers and the wrist. Its causes are a bit of a mystery, though it is speculated that it can be triggered by smaller injuries to the tendon, strains or injuries that were previously sustained, infections or even rheumatoid arthritis. It is best to consult with a physician to determine the exact cause, because it may need to be treated with corticosteroids or antibiotics.


Fractures or another common cause of hand pain. They are fairly obvious to detect because they are usually acquired by an acute injury. They will feel extremely painful, and will typically be associated with swelling and tenderness in an injured area. If you think that you have fractured an area of your hand, consult with a physician or the nearest emergency medical center.